Stone age wall found at bottom of Baltic Sea may be Europe's oldest megastructure
. They think it may have been used to help hunt reindeer.
"A stone age wall discovered beneath the waves off Germany's Baltic coast may be the oldest known megastructure built by humans in Europe, researchers say.
The wall, which stretches for nearly a kilometre along the seafloor in the Bay of Mecklenburg, was spotted by accident when scientists operated a multibeam sonar system from a research vessel on a student trip about 10km (six miles) offshore.
Closer inspection of the structure, named the Blinkerwall, revealed about 1400 smaller stones that appear to have been positioned to connect nearly 300 larger boulders, many of which were too heavy for groups of humans to have moved.
The submerged wall, described as a "thrilling discovery", is covered by 21 metres of water, but researchers believe it was constructed by hunter-gatherers on land next to a lake or marsh more than 10,000 years ago.
While the purpose of the wall is hard to prove, scientists suspect it served as a driving lane for hunters in pursuit of herds of reindeer.
"When you chase the animals, they follow these structures, they don't attempt to jump over them," said Jacob Geersen at the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research in Warnemünde, a German port town on the Baltic coast.
"The idea would be to create an artificial bottleneck with a second wall or with the lake shore," he added."